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Sunday, July 7, 2013

Al-Maseeh - The Meaning and Significance


The complete name of Isa("Jesus") is “AL-MASEEH Isa son of Maryam”: 
Aal-e-Imran 3/45: When the angels said, 'O Maryam! Allah gives you glad tidings of a word from Him; his name shall be AL-MASEEH ISA IBNE MARYAM honoured in this world and in the next, and of those nearest to Allah  
إِذْ قَالَتِ الْمَلَائِكَةُ يَا مَرْيَمُ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُبَشِّرُكِ بِكَلِمَةٍ مِنْهُ اسْمُهُ الْمَسِيحُ عِيسَى ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ وَجِيهًا فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالْآخِرَةِ وَمِنَ الْمُقَرَّبِينَ
Now, the meaning of Al-Maseeh is commonly understood as Christ / Anointed / Baptised.

But, there already is a word for “anointment” in The Quran, which is 'sibghata':
Al-Baqarah 2/138: The Sibghata / Anointment / Baptism of God: And who is better than God’s sibghatan / anointment / baptism? And for Him we are serving. 
صِبْغَةَ اللَّهِ وَمَنْ أَحْسَنُ مِنَ اللَّهِ صِبْغَةً وَنَحْنُ لَهُ عَابِدُونَ
Secondly, even if it were to carry the meaning of Anointed, the name would have been ‘Mamsooh’, meaning ‘the one upon whom Masah is performed’.

But Maseeh means ‘the one who performs Masah’.

So what does Masah mean then? Let’s look at verse 5/6 which commands Believers to perform  masah i.e rubbing / massaging / wiping, using water or sand/dust:
Al-Maida 5/6: O ye who believe! when you stand up for Prayer, wash your faces, and your hands up to the elbows, and Perform MASAH ( RUBBING / MASSAGING / WIPING ) of your heads (with water); and wash your feet to the ankles. And if you be unclean, purify yourselves by bathing. And if you are ill or you are on a journey while unclean, or one of you comes from the privy or you have touched women, and find not WATER, betake yourselves to pure DUST and perform MASAHAH ( RUB / MASSAGE /WIPE ) therewith of your faces and your hands. God desires not that He should place you in a difficulty but He desires to purify you and to complete His favour upon you, so that you may be grateful.  
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِذَا قُمْتُمْ إِلَى الصَّلَاةِ فَاغْسِلُوا وُجُوهَكُمْ وَأَيْدِيَكُمْ إِلَى الْمَرَافِقِ وَامْسَحُوا بِرُءُوسِكُمْ وَأَرْجُلَكُمْ إِلَى الْكَعْبَيْنِ وَإِنْ كُنْتُمْ جُنُبًا فَاطَّهَّرُوا وَإِنْ كُنْتُمْ مَرْضَىٰ أَوْ عَلَىٰ سَفَرٍ أَوْ جَاءَ أَحَدٌ مِنْكُمْ مِنَ الْغَائِطِ أَوْ لَامَسْتُمُ النِّسَاءَ فَلَمْ تَجِدُوا مَاءً فَتَيَمَّمُوا صَعِيدًا طَيِّبًا فَامْسَحُوا بِوُجُوهِكُمْ وَأَيْدِيكُمْ مِنْهُ مَا يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ لِيَجْعَلَ عَلَيْكُمْ مِنْ حَرَجٍ وَلَٰكِنْ يُرِيدُ لِيُطَهِّرَكُمْ وَلِيُتِمَّ نِعْمَتَهُ عَلَيْكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَشْكُرُونَ
But the meaning of masah is only “rubbing / massaging / wiping”. Using water or sand or anything else is not necessary. Look at 38/33, where MAS-HAN is used to mean simply massaging / rubbing; no water or sand involved, i.e NO ANOINTMENT / BAPTISM / CHRISTENING:
Saad 38/33: "Bring them(the horses) back to me." then he(Sulaiman) began to RUB / MAS-HAN (their) legs and their necks.
رُدُّوهَا عَلَيَّ فَطَفِقَ مَسْحًا بِالسُّوقِ وَالأَعْنَاقِ
This further proves that masah cannot mean “anointment/baptism/christening”. It only gives the meaning of Massaging / Rubbing / Wiping. 

Al-Maseeh therefore means ‘The One who Massages / Rubs / Wipes’.

But what is the SIGNIFICANCE of Isa being Al-Maseeh? WHY is he called The One who Massages / Rubs / Wipes? What could he have performed Masah for?

We know from The Quran that Isa used to heal the blind and the leprous by Allah’s command:
Aal-e-Imran 3/49: And (Isa will be) a Messenger towards the Children of Israeel (saying), 'I come to you with a Sign from your Lord, which is, that I will fashion out for you a creation out of clay after the manner of a bird; then I will breath into it a new spirit and it will become a soaring being by the command of God; and I will HEAL THE BLIND AND THE LEPROUS, and I will quicken the dead by the command of God; and I will announce to you what you will eat and what you will store up in your houses. Surely therein is a Sign for you, if you are believers.
وَرَسُولًا إِلَىٰ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ أَنِّي قَدْ جِئْتُكُمْ بِآيَةٍ مِنْ رَبِّكُمْ أَنِّي أَخْلُقُ لَكُمْ مِنَ الطِّينِ كَهَيْئَةِ الطَّيْرِ فَأَنْفُخُ فِيهِ فَيَكُونُ طَيْرًا بِإِذْنِ اللَّهِ وَأُبْرِئُ الْأَكْمَهَ وَالْأَبْرَصَ وَأُحْيِي الْمَوْتَىٰ بِإِذْنِ اللَّهِ وَأُنَبِّئُكُمْ بِمَا تَأْكُلُونَ وَمَا تَدَّخِرُونَ فِي بُيُوتِكُمْ إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَآيَةً لَكُمْ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ مُؤْمِنِينَ

So it is very likely that Isa used masah / rubbing / massaging to heal the blind and the leprous, hence Al-Maseeh (The one who gives masah / massage), and not the mistranslation “Christ/Anointed”.

---
Fahad Ali Khan
www.Takhlees.org
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Saturday, March 30, 2013

The Quranic Attributes of Isa / Jesus

The complete name of the prophet Eesa is mentioned in verse 3/45 as ‘Al-Maseeh Isa son of Maryam’ / and not the so-called 'Yesu Maseeh' / 'Jesus Christ':


3/45: When the angels said, `O Maryam, Allah/God gives thee glad tidings of a son through a word from Him; his name shall be AL-MASEEH EESA IBN MARYAM, honoured in this world and in the next, and of those who are granted nearness to Allah;


إِذْ قَالَتِ الْمَلائِكَةُ يَا مَرْيَمُ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُبَشِّرُكِ بِكَلِمَةٍ مِنْهُ اسْمُهُ الْمَسِيحُ عِيسَى ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ وَجِيهًا فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالآخِرَةِ وَمِنَ الْمُقَرَّبِينَ


Other attributes of Eesa mentioned in The Quran:

Rasool / Messenger (3/49)

Rasoolullah / Messenger of God (4/171)

Kalima/Word of Allah (3/49, 4/171)

Rooh / Spirit from Allah (4/171)

Ayat / Sign for the people (19/21)

Rehmat / Mercy from Allah (19/21)

Abdullah / servant of Allah (19/30)

Nabi / prophet (19/30)

Ayat / Sign for the nations (21/91)

3/49: "And (appoint Eesa) a RASOOL / MESSENGER to the Children of Israel, (with this message): "'I have come to you, with a Sign from your Lord, in that I make for you out of clay, as it were, the figure of a bird, and breathe into it, and it becomes a bird by Allah's leave: And I heal those born blind, and the lepers, and I quicken the dead, by Allah's leave; and I declare to you what ye eat, and what ye store in your houses. Surely therein is a Sign for you if ye did believe;

وَرَسُولا إِلَى بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ أَنِّي قَدْ جِئْتُكُمْ بِآيَةٍ مِنْ رَبِّكُمْ أَنِّي أَخْلُقُ لَكُمْ مِنَ الطِّينِ كَهَيْئَةِ الطَّيْرِ فَأَنْفُخُ فِيهِ فَيَكُونُ طَيْرًا بِإِذْنِ اللَّهِ وَأُبْرِئُ الأَكْمَهَ وَالأَبْرَصَ وَأُحْيِي الْمَوْتَى بِإِذْنِ اللَّهِ وَأُنَبِّئُكُمْ بِمَا تَأْكُلُونَ وَمَا تَدَّخِرُونَ فِي بُيُوتِكُمْ إِنَّ فِي ذَلِكَ لآيَةً لَكُمْ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ مُؤْمِنِينَ

4/171: O People of the Book! Commit no excesses in your religion: Nor say of Allah aught but the truth. Al-Maseeh Eesa son of Maryam was (no more than) a RASOOLULLAH / MESSENGER OF ALLAH, and HIS KALIMA / WORD, which He bestowed on Maryam, and a ROOH / SPIRIT FROM HIM: so believe in Allah and His messengers. Say not "Trinity" : desist: it will be better for you: for Allah is one Allah: Glory be to Him: (far exalted is He) above having a son. To Him belong all things in the heavens and on earth. And enough is Allah as a Disposer of affairs.

يَا أَهْلَ الْكِتَابِ لا تَغْلُوا فِي دِينِكُمْ وَلا تَقُولُوا عَلَى اللَّهِ إِلا الْحَقَّ إِنَّمَا الْمَسِيحُ عِيسَى ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ وَكَلِمَتُهُ أَلْقَاهَا إِلَى مَرْيَمَ وَرُوحٌ مِنْهُ فَآمِنُوا بِاللَّهِ وَرُسُلِهِ وَلا تَقُولُوا ثَلاثَةٌ انْتَهُوا خَيْرًا لَكُمْ إِنَّمَا اللَّهُ إِلَهٌ وَاحِدٌ سُبْحَانَهُ أَنْ يَكُونَ لَهُ وَلَدٌ لَهُ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الأَرْضِ وَكَفَى بِاللَّهِ وَكِيلا

19/21: He said: "So (it will be): Thy Lord saith, 'that is easy for Me: and (We wish) to appoint him(Eesa) as a SIGN / AYAT FOR THE PEOPLE and a MERCY FROM US':It is a matter (so) decreed."

قَالَ كَذَلِكِ قَالَ رَبُّكِ هُوَ عَلَيَّ هَيِّنٌ وَلِنَجْعَلَهُ آيَةً لِلنَّاسِ وَرَحْمَةً مِنَّا وَكَانَ أَمْرًا مَقْضِيًّا

19/30: Eesa said, 'I am ABDULLAH / A SERVANT OF GOD. He has given me the Book, and has made me a NABI / PROPHET;

قَالَ إِنِّي عَبْدُ اللَّهِ آتَانِيَ الْكِتَابَ وَجَعَلَنِي نَبِيًّا

21/91: And (remember) her who guarded her chastity: We breathed into her of Our spirit, and We made her and her son a SIGN / AYAT FOR THE NATIONS / WORLDS / AL-AALAMEEN.

وَالَّتِي أَحْصَنَتْ فَرْجَهَا فَنَفَخْنَا فِيهَا مِنْ رُوحِنَا وَجَعَلْنَاهَا وَابْنَهَا آيَةً لِلْعَالَمِينَ

---
Fahad Ali Khan

RELATED: Watch “What Al-Quran says about Eesa Maseeh / Jesus Christ”, a comprehensive lecture by Mohammad Shaikh:


The Forgetfulness caused by Satan

SHAITAAN / SATAN CAUSING FORGETFULNESS OF ALLAH’S REMEMBRANCE:

Chapter Al-Mujadila 58

اسْتَحْوَذَ عَلَيْهِمُ الشَّيْطَانُ فَأَنْسَاهُمْ ذِكْرَ اللَّهِ أُولَٰئِكَ حِزْبُ الشَّيْطَانِ أَلَا إِنَّ حِزْبَ الشَّيْطَانِ هُمُ الْخَاسِرُونَ

SHAITAAN has gained mastery over them, and HAS CAUSED THEM TO REMAIN FORGETFUL of the remembrance of God. Such as these are Shaitaan's partisans: oh, verily, it is they, the partisans of Shaitaan, who will truly be the losers! (19)

IF SHAITAAN CAUSED MUHAMMAD TO FORGET:

Al-An’aam 6

وَإِذَا رَأَيْتَ الَّذِينَ يَخُوضُونَ فِي آيَاتِنَا فَأَعْرِضْ عَنْهُمْ حَتَّىٰ يَخُوضُوا فِي حَدِيثٍ غَيْرِهِ وَإِمَّا يُنْسِيَنَّكَ الشَّيْطَانُ فَلَا تَقْعُدْ بَعْدَ الذِّكْرَىٰ مَعَ الْقَوْمِ الظَّالِمِينَ

And when thou seest those who engage in vain discourse concerning Our Signs, then turn thou away from them until they engage in a discourse other than that. And if SHAITAAN SHOULD CAUSE THEE TO FORGET, then sit not, after recollection, with the unjust people. (68)

SHAITAAN CAUSING YOUSUF'S COMPANION TO FORGET:

Yousef 12

يَا صَاحِبَيِ السِّجْنِ أَمَّا أَحَدُكُمَا فَيَسْقِي رَبَّهُ خَمْرًا وَأَمَّا الْآخَرُ فَيُصْلَبُ فَتَأْكُلُ الطَّيْرُ مِنْ رَأْسِهِ قُضِيَ الْأَمْرُ الَّذِي فِيهِ تَسْتَفْتِيَانِ

وَقَالَ لِلَّذِي ظَنَّ أَنَّهُ نَاجٍ مِنْهُمَا اذْكُرْنِي عِنْدَ رَبِّكَ فَأَنْسَاهُ الشَّيْطَانُ ذِكْرَ رَبِّهِ فَلَبِثَ فِي السِّجْنِ بِضْعَ سِنِينَ

O my two companions of the prison, as for one of you he will pour out wine for his lord to drink; and as for the other, he will be crucified so that the birds will eat from his head. The matter about which you inquired has been decreed.' (41)

And of the two he said to him whom he thought to be the one who would be released, 'Mention me to thy lord.' But SHAITAAN CAUSED HIM TO FORGET mentioning it to his lord, so he remained in prison for some years. (42)

SHAITAAN CAUSED THE YOUNG BOY TO FORGET:

Al-Kahf 18

وَإِذْ قَالَ مُوسَىٰ لِفَتَاهُ لَا أَبْرَحُ حَتَّىٰ أَبْلُغَ مَجْمَعَ الْبَحْرَيْنِ أَوْ أَمْضِيَ حُقُبًا

فَلَمَّا بَلَغَا مَجْمَعَ بَيْنِهِمَا نَسِيَا حُوتَهُمَا فَاتَّخَذَ سَبِيلَهُ فِي الْبَحْرِ سَرَبًا

فَلَمَّا جَاوَزَا قَالَ لِفَتَاهُ آتِنَا غَدَاءَنَا لَقَدْ لَقِينَا مِنْ سَفَرِنَا هَٰذَا نَصَبًا

قَالَ أَرَأَيْتَ إِذْ أَوَيْنَا إِلَى الصَّخْرَةِ فَإِنِّي نَسِيتُ الْحُوتَ وَمَا أَنْسَانِيهُ إِلَّا الشَّيْطَانُ أَنْ أَذْكُرَهُ وَاتَّخَذَ سَبِيلَهُ فِي الْبَحْرِ عَجَبًا

قَالَ ذَٰلِكَ مَا كُنَّا نَبْغِ فَارْتَدَّا عَلَىٰ آثَارِهِمَا قَصَصًا

And remember the time when Moses said to his young companion, 'I will not cease pursuing my course until I reach the junction of the two seas, though I may have to journey on for ages. (60)

But when they reached the place where the two seas met, THEY FORGOT THEIR FISH and it made its way into the sea going away quickly. (61)

And when they had gone beyond that place, he said to his young companion, 'Bring us our morning meal. Surely, we have suffered much fatigue on account of this journey of ours.' (62)

He replied, 'Didst thou see, when we betook ourselves to the rock for rest and I forgot the fish -- and none but SHAITAAN CAUSED ME TO FORGET to mention it to thee -- it took its way into the sea in a marvelous manner? (63)

SHAITAAN ADORNED THEIR DEEDS FOR THEM SO THEY FORGOT:

Al-An’aam 6:

فَلَوْلَا إِذْ جَاءَهُمْ بَأْسُنَا تَضَرَّعُوا وَلَٰكِنْ قَسَتْ قُلُوبُهُمْ وَزَيَّنَ لَهُمُ الشَّيْطَانُ مَا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ

فَلَمَّا نَسُوا مَا ذُكِّرُوا بِهِ فَتَحْنَا عَلَيْهِمْ أَبْوَابَ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ حَتَّىٰ إِذَا فَرِحُوا بِمَا أُوتُوا أَخَذْنَاهُمْ بَغْتَةً فَإِذَا هُمْ مُبْلِسُونَ

Why, then, when Our punishment came upon them, did they not humble themselves? But their hearts were hardened all the more and SHAITAAN ADORNED FOR THEM ALL THAT THEY DID. (43)

THEREFORE WHEN THEY FORGOT that with which they had been reminded, and We opened unto them the gates of all things, till, even as they were rejoicing in what they were given, We seized them suddenly, and lo! they were in utter despair. (44)

--

Fahad Ali Khan

Monday, March 25, 2013

Messengers ask Forgiveness and Punishment for People


MESSENGERS ASK FOR ALLAH’S FORGIVENESS (MAGHFIRAT) AND PUNISHMENT (AZAAB) FOR THE PEOPLE:


MESSENGERS WHO ASKED FOR ALLAH’S FORGIVENESS FOR THE PEOPLE:


---------------------------------------------------------

MUHAMMAD ASKED ALLAH’S FORGIVENESS FOR PEOPLE

Al-Munafiqun 63/5-6:

وَإِذَا قِيلَ لَهُمْ تَعَالَوْا يَسْتَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ لَوَّوْا رُءُوسَهُمْ وَرَأَيْتَهُمْ يَصُدُّونَ وَهُمْ مُسْتَكْبِرُونَ

And when it is said to them 'COME, THAT THE MESSENGER OF GOD ASK FORGIVENESS FOR YOU,' they turn their heads aside, and thou seest them holding back disdainfully while they are big with pride. (5)

سَوَاءٌ عَلَيْهِمْ أَسْتَغْفَرْتَ لَهُمْ أَمْ لَمْ تَسْتَغْفِرْ لَهُمْ لَنْ يَغْفِرَ اللَّهُ لَهُمْ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ الْفَاسِقِينَ

For them it is equal whether thou ask forgiveness for them, or ask not forgiveness for them. God will never forgive them. Surely, God guides not the rebellious people. (6)

An-Noor 24/62:

إِنَّمَا الْمُؤْمِنُونَ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا بِاللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ وَإِذَا كَانُوا مَعَهُ عَلَىٰ أَمْرٍ جَامِعٍ لَمْ يَذْهَبُوا حَتَّىٰ يَسْتَأْذِنُوهُ إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يَسْتَأْذِنُونَكَ أُولَٰئِكَ الَّذِينَ يُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ فَإِذَا اسْتَأْذَنُوكَ لِبَعْضِ شَأْنِهِمْ فَأْذَنْ لِمَنْ شِئْتَ مِنْهُمْ وَاسْتَغْفِرْ لَهُمُ اللَّهَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ غَفُورٌ رَحِيمٌ

Those alone are true believers who believe in God and His Messenger and who, when they are with him for the consideration of some matter of common concern which has brought them together, go not away until they have asked leave of him. Surely, those who ask leave of thee, it is they alone who truly believe in God and His Messenger. So, when they ask leave of thee for some urgent affair of theirs, give leave to those of them whom thou pleasest AND ASK FORGIVENESS FOR THEM OF GOD. Surely, God is Most forgiving, Merciful. (62)

An-Nisa 4/64:

وَمَا أَرْسَلْنَا مِنْ رَسُولٍ إِلَّا لِيُطَاعَ بِإِذْنِ اللَّهِ وَلَوْ أَنَّهُمْ إِذْ ظَلَمُوا أَنْفُسَهُمْ جَاءُوكَ فَاسْتَغْفَرُوا اللَّهَ وَاسْتَغْفَرَ لَهُمُ الرَّسُولُ لَوَجَدُوا اللَّهَ تَوَّابًا رَحِيمًا

And We have sent no Messenger but that he should be obeyed by the command of God. And if they had come to thee, when they had wronged their souls, and asked forgiveness of God, AND THE MESSENGER ALSO HAD ASKED FORGIVENESS FOR THEM, they would have surely found God Oft-Returning with compassion, and Merciful. (64)

At-Taubah 9/80:

اسْتَغْفِرْ لَهُمْ أَوْ لَا تَسْتَغْفِرْ لَهُمْ إِنْ تَسْتَغْفِرْ لَهُمْ سَبْعِينَ مَرَّةً فَلَنْ يَغْفِرَ اللَّهُ لَهُمْ ذَٰلِكَ بِأَنَّهُمْ كَفَرُوا بِاللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ وَاللَّهُ لَا يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ الْفَاسِقِينَ

ASK THOU FORGIVENESS FOR THEM, OR ASK THOU NOT FORGIVENESS FOR THEM; even if thou ask forgiveness for them seventy times, God will never forgive them. That is because they disbelieved in God and His Messenger. And God guides not the perfidious people. (80)


EESA (“JESUS”) ASKED ALLAH’S FORGIVENESS FOR THE PEOPLE:

Al-Maidah 5/118:

إِنْ تُعَذِّبْهُمْ فَإِنَّهُمْ عِبَادُكَ وَإِنْ تَغْفِرْ لَهُمْ فَإِنَّكَ أَنْتَ الْعَزِيزُ الْحَكِيمُ

If Thou punish them, they are Thy servants; AND IF THOU FORGIVE THEM, Thou surely art the Mighty, the Wise.' (118)


YOUSEF (“JOSEPH”) ASKED ALLAH’S FORGIVENESS FOR HIS BROTHERS

Yousef 12/92:

قَالَ لَا تَثْرِيبَ عَلَيْكُمُ الْيَوْمَ يَغْفِرُ اللَّهُ لَكُمْ وَهُوَ أَرْحَمُ الرَّاحِمِينَ

He said, 'No blame shall lie on you this day; MAY GOD FORGIVE YOU! And He is the Most Merciful of those Who show mercy. (92)



YAQOOB (“JACOB”) ASKED ALLAH’S FORGIVENESS FOR HIS SONS

Yousef 12/97-98:

قَالُوا يَا أَبَانَا اسْتَغْفِرْ لَنَا ذُنُوبَنَا إِنَّا كُنَّا خَاطِئِينَ

قَالَ سَوْفَ أَسْتَغْفِرُ لَكُمْ رَبِّي إِنَّهُ هُوَ الْغَفُورُ الرَّحِيمُ

They said, 'O our father, ASK OF GOD FORGIVENESS OF OUR SINS FOR US; we have indeed been sinners.' (97)

He said, 'I WILL CERTAINLY ASK FORGIVENESS FOR YOU OF MY LORD. Surely He is the Most Forgiving, the Merciful. (98)


IBRAHIM (ABRAHAM) ASKED ALLAH’S FORGIVENESS FOR HIS PARENTS AND THE BELIEVERS:

Ibrahim 14/41:

رَبَّنَا اغْفِرْ لِي وَلِوَالِدَيَّ وَلِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ يَوْمَ يَقُومُ الْحِسَابُ

Our Lord, forgive me and my parents and the believers on the day when the reckoning will take place.' (41)

IBRAHIM ASKED ALLAH’S FORGIVENESS FOR HIS FATHER:

Al-Mumtahina 60/4:

قَدْ كَانَتْ لَكُمْ أُسْوَةٌ حَسَنَةٌ فِي إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَالَّذِينَ مَعَهُ إِذْ قَالُوا لِقَوْمِهِمْ إِنَّا بُرَآءُ مِنْكُمْ وَمِمَّا تَعْبُدُونَ مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ كَفَرْنَا بِكُمْ وَبَدَا بَيْنَنَا وَبَيْنَكُمُ الْعَدَاوَةُ وَالْبَغْضَاءُ أَبَدًا حَتَّىٰ تُؤْمِنُوا بِاللَّهِ وَحْدَهُ إِلَّا قَوْلَ إِبْرَاهِيمَ لِأَبِيهِ لَأَسْتَغْفِرَنَّ لَكَ وَمَا أَمْلِكُ لَكَ مِنَ اللَّهِ مِنْ شَيْءٍ رَبَّنَا عَلَيْكَ تَوَكَّلْنَا وَإِلَيْكَ أَنَبْنَا وَإِلَيْكَ الْمَصِيرُ

Indeed there is a good example for you in Abraham and those who were with him when they said to their people, 'We have nothing to do with you and with that which you worship beside God. We disbelieve all that you believe in. There has become manifest enmity and hatred between us and you for ever, until you believe in God alone' -- except that Abraham said to his father, 'I WILL SURELY ASK FORGIVENESS FOR THEE, though I have no power to do aught for thee against God.' Their prayer was: 'Our Lord, in thee do we put our trust and to thee do we turn in repentance, and towards thee is the final return; (4)

At-Taubah 9/114:

وَمَا كَانَ اسْتِغْفَارُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ لِأَبِيهِ إِلَّا عَنْ مَوْعِدَةٍ وَعَدَهَا إِيَّاهُ فَلَمَّا تَبَيَّنَ لَهُ أَنَّهُ عَدُوٌّ لِلَّهِ تَبَرَّأَ مِنْهُ إِنَّ إِبْرَاهِيمَ لَأَوَّاهٌ حَلِيمٌ

And IBRAHIM ASKING FORGIVENESS FOR HIS FATHER was only because of a promise he has made to him, but when it became clear to him that he was an enemy of God, he dissociated himself from him. Surely, Abraham was most tender-hearted and forbearing. (114)

IBRAHIM ASKED ALLAH’S FORGIVENESS AND MERCY FOR THOSE WHO WOULD DISOBEY HIM:

Ibrahim 14/36:

رَبِّ إِنَّهُنَّ أَضْلَلْنَ كَثِيرًا مِنَ النَّاسِ فَمَنْ تَبِعَنِي فَإِنَّهُ مِنِّي وَمَنْ عَصَانِي فَإِنَّكَ غَفُورٌ رَحِيمٌ

My Lord, they have indeed confused/misguided many among mankind. So whoever follows me, he is certainly of me; and whoever disobeys me, SURELY YOU ARE FORGIVING, MERCIFUL


NUH (“NOAH”) ASKED FOR ALLAH’S FORGIVENESS FOR HIS PARENTS AND THE BELIEVERS

Nuh 71 / 26-28 :

رَبِّ اغْفِرْ لِي وَلِوَالِدَيَّ وَلِمَنْ دَخَلَ بَيْتِيَ مُؤْمِنًا وَلِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَاتِ وَلَا تَزِدِ الظَّالِمِينَ إِلَّا تَبَارًا

My Lord! Forgive me and my parents and whoever enters my house believing, and the believing men and the believing women. And do not increase the wrong-doers in anything except destruction! (28)


ANGELS ASK FOR ALLAH’S FORGIVENESS FOR THOSE ON EARTH:

Ash-Shura 42/5:

تَكَادُ السَّمَاوَاتُ يَتَفَطَّرْنَ مِنْ فَوْقِهِنَّ وَالْمَلَائِكَةُ يُسَبِّحُونَ بِحَمْدِ رَبِّهِمْ وَيَسْتَغْفِرُونَ لِمَنْ فِي الْأَرْضِ أَلَا إِنَّ اللَّهَ هُوَ الْغَفُورُ الرَّحِيمُ

The skies are nearly torn apart from above; and the angels proclaim the praises of their Lord AND ASK FORGIVENESS FOR THOSE ON EARTH. Behold! it is, surely, God Who is the Most Forgiving, the Merciful. (5)

ANGELS ASK ALLAH’S FORGIVENESS FOR THOSE WHO BELIEVE:

Ghafir 40/7:

الَّذِينَ يَحْمِلُونَ الْعَرْشَ وَمَنْ حَوْلَهُ يُسَبِّحُونَ بِحَمْدِ رَبِّهِمْ وَيُؤْمِنُونَ بِهِ وَيَسْتَغْفِرُونَ لِلَّذِينَ آمَنُوا رَبَّنَا وَسِعْتَ كُلَّ شَيْءٍ رَحْمَةً وَعِلْمًا فَاغْفِرْ لِلَّذِينَ تَابُوا وَاتَّبَعُوا سَبِيلَكَ وَقِهِمْ عَذَابَ الْجَحِيمِ

Those who bear the Throne and those who are around it, proclaim the praise of their Lord and believe in Him, AND ASK FORGIVENESS FOR THOSE WHO BELIEVE, saying, 'Our Lord, Thou dost comprehend all things in Thy mercy and knowledge. So forgive those who repent and follow Thy way, and protect them from the punishment of Hell; (7)

رَبَّنَا وَأَدْخِلْهُمْ جَنَّاتِ عَدْنٍ الَّتِي وَعَدْتَهُمْ وَمَنْ صَلَحَ مِنْ آبَائِهِمْ وَأَزْوَاجِهِمْ وَذُرِّيَّاتِهِمْ إِنَّكَ أَنْتَ الْعَزِيزُ الْحَكِيمُ

Our Lord, make them enter the Gardens of Eternity which Thou hast promised them, as well as such of their fathers and their wives and their children as are virtuous. Surely, Thou art the Mighty, the Wise; (8)

وَقِهِمُ السَّيِّئَاتِ وَمَنْ تَقِ السَّيِّئَاتِ يَوْمَئِذٍ فَقَدْ رَحِمْتَهُ وَذَٰلِكَ هُوَ الْفَوْزُ الْعَظِيم
ُ
And guard them against evils; and he whom Thou dost guard against evils on that day -- him hast Thou, surely, shown mercy. And that, indeed, is the mighty triumph.' (9)


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MESSENGERS ALSO CALL FOR ALLAH’S PUNISHMENT / AZAAB UPON THE PEOPLE


ALLAH'S MESSENGERS ALWAYS PREVAIL:

Al-Mujadila 58 / 20-21:

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يُحَادُّونَ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ أُولَٰئِكَ فِي الْأَذَلِّينَ

كَتَبَ اللَّهُ لَأَغْلِبَنَّ أَنَا وَرُسُلِي إِنَّ اللَّهَ قَوِيٌّ عَزِيزٌ

Certainly those who oppose God and His messenger are among the most abject. (20)

God has decreed: "Indeed, I will overcome! Me and My messengers!": Certainly, God is strong, powerful. (21)

As-Saafaat 37 / 171-173 :

وَلَقَدْ سَبَقَتْ كَلِمَتُنَا لِعِبَادِنَا الْمُرْسَلِينَ

إِنَّهُمْ لَهُمُ الْمَنْصُورُونَ

وَإِنَّ جُنْدَنَا لَهُمُ الْغَالِبُونَ

And Our word has indeed gone forth for Our servants, the Messengers, (171)

that, certainly, they – they indeed– would be helped, (172)

and that, certainly, Our hosts – they indeed– would be those who overcome! (173)


MESSENGERS WHO CALLED FOR ALLAH’S PUNISHMENT / AZAAB UPON THE PEOPLE

NUH’S CALL FOR PUNISHMENT:

Al-Qamar 54 / 10-16:

فَدَعَا رَبَّهُ أَنِّي مَغْلُوبٌ فَانْتَصِرْ

فَفَتَحْنَا أَبْوَابَ السَّمَاءِ بِمَاءٍ مُنْهَمِرٍ

وَفَجَّرْنَا الْأَرْضَ عُيُونًا فَالْتَقَى الْمَاءُ عَلَىٰ أَمْرٍ قَدْ قُدِرَ

وَحَمَلْنَاهُ عَلَىٰ ذَاتِ أَلْوَاحٍ وَدُسُرٍ

تَجْرِي بِأَعْيُنِنَا جَزَاءً لِمَنْ كَانَ كُفِرَ

وَلَقَدْ تَرَكْنَاهَا آيَةً فَهَلْ مِنْ مُدَّكِرٍ

فَكَيْفَ كَانَ عَذَابِي وَنُذُرِ

Therefore he (Nuh / Noah) called out to his Lord, "SURELY I HAVE BEEN OVERCOME! SO HELP ME!" (10)

Therefore We opened the gates of the sky with water which fell in torrents; (11)

And We caused the earth to burst forth with springs, so the two waters met for a purpose that was decreed. (12)

And We carried him upon that which was made of planks and nails. (13)

It floated on under Our eyes; a reward for him (the messenger) who had been rejected. (14)

And surely We left it as a sign. But is there anyone who would take heed? (15)

How then was MY PUNISHMENT and My warning! (16)

Nuh 71 / 26-28 :

وَقَالَ نُوحٌ رَبِّ لَا تَذَرْ عَلَى الْأَرْضِ مِنَ الْكَافِرِينَ دَيَّارًا

إِنَّكَ إِنْ تَذَرْهُمْ يُضِلُّوا عِبَادَكَ وَلَا يَلِدُوا إِلَّا فَاجِرًا كَفَّارًا

رَبِّ اغْفِرْ لِي وَلِوَالِدَيَّ وَلِمَنْ دَخَلَ بَيْتِيَ مُؤْمِنًا وَلِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَاتِ وَلَا تَزِدِ الظَّالِمِينَ إِلَّا تَبَارًا

And Nuh said: MY LORD! LEAVE NOT UPON THE LAND ANY DWELLER FROM AMONG THE REJECTORS. (26)

For surely if You leave them they will lead astray Your servants, and will not beget any but immoral, ungrateful (children) (27)

My Lord! Forgive me and my parents and whoever enters my house believing, and the believing men and the believing women. AND DO NOT INCREASE THE WRONG-DOERS IN ANYTHING EXCEPT DESTRUCTION! (28)


MUSA’S (“MOSES”) CALL FOR PUNISHMENT:

Yunus 10 / 88-90 :

وَقَالَ مُوسَىٰ رَبَّنَا إِنَّكَ آتَيْتَ فِرْعَوْنَ وَمَلَأَهُ زِينَةً وَأَمْوَالًا فِي الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا رَبَّنَا لِيُضِلُّوا عَنْ سَبِيلِكَ رَبَّنَا اطْمِسْ عَلَىٰ أَمْوَالِهِمْ وَاشْدُدْ عَلَىٰ قُلُوبِهِمْ فَلَا يُؤْمِنُوا حَتَّىٰ يَرَوُا الْعَذَابَ الْأَلِيمَ

قَالَ قَدْ أُجِيبَتْ دَعْوَتُكُمَا فَاسْتَقِيمَا وَلَا تَتَّبِعَانِّ سَبِيلَ الَّذِينَ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ

وَجَاوَزْنَا بِبَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ الْبَحْرَ فَأَتْبَعَهُمْ فِرْعَوْنُ وَجُنُودُهُ بَغْيًا وَعَدْوًا حَتَّىٰ إِذَا أَدْرَكَهُ الْغَرَقُ قَالَ آمَنْتُ أَنَّهُ لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا الَّذِي آمَنَتْ بِهِ بَنُو إِسْرَائِيلَ وَأَنَا مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ

And Moses said, 'Our Lord, You have bestowed upon Pharaoh and his chiefs splendour and riches in the present life, with the result, our Lord, that they are leading men astray from Your path. OUR LORD! DESTROY THEIR RICHES AND HARDEN THEIR HEARTS SO THAT THEY BELIEVE NOT UNTIL THEY SEE THE GRIEVOUS PUNISHMENT.' (88)

God said, 'Your prayer is accepted. So you both be steadfast, and follow not the path of those who know not.' (89)

And We brought the children of Israel across the sea; and Pharaoh and his hosts pursued them wrongfully and aggressively, till when the calamity of drowning overtook him, he cried, 'I believe that there is no god but He in Whom the Children of Israel believe, and I am of those who submit to Him.' (90)


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A PRAYER FROM THE QURAN


Aal-e-Imran 3/192-194:

رَبَّنَا إِنَّنَا سَمِعْنَا مُنَادِيًا يُنَادِي لِلْإِيمَانِ أَنْ آمِنُوا بِرَبِّكُمْ فَآمَنَّا رَبَّنَا فَاغْفِرْ لَنَا ذُنُوبَنَا وَكَفِّرْ عَنَّا سَيِّئَاتِنَا وَتَوَفَّنَا مَعَ الْأَبْرَارِ

رَبَّنَا وَآتِنَا مَا وَعَدْتَنَا عَلَىٰ رُسُلِكَ وَلَا تُخْزِنَا يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ إِنَّكَ لَا تُخْلِفُ الْمِيعَادَ

Our Lord, we have heard A CRIER CALLING US UNTO FAITH, saying, 'Believe ye in your Lord,' and we have believed. OUR LORD, FORGIVE US, THEREFORE, our sins and remit from us our evils and in death join us with the righteous; (193)

Our Lord, GIVE US WHAT THOU HAST PROMISED TO US THROUGH THY MESSENGERS; and disgrace us not on the Day of Resurrection. Surely, Thou breakest not Thy promise. (194

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Fahad Ali Khan
Dec-06-2012