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Saturday, March 30, 2013

The Quranic Attributes of Isa / Jesus

The complete name of the prophet Eesa is mentioned in verse 3/45 as ‘Al-Maseeh Isa son of Maryam’ / and not the so-called 'Yesu Maseeh' / 'Jesus Christ':


3/45: When the angels said, `O Maryam, Allah/God gives thee glad tidings of a son through a word from Him; his name shall be AL-MASEEH EESA IBN MARYAM, honoured in this world and in the next, and of those who are granted nearness to Allah;


إِذْ قَالَتِ الْمَلائِكَةُ يَا مَرْيَمُ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُبَشِّرُكِ بِكَلِمَةٍ مِنْهُ اسْمُهُ الْمَسِيحُ عِيسَى ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ وَجِيهًا فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالآخِرَةِ وَمِنَ الْمُقَرَّبِينَ


Other attributes of Eesa mentioned in The Quran:

Rasool / Messenger (3/49)

Rasoolullah / Messenger of God (4/171)

Kalima/Word of Allah (3/49, 4/171)

Rooh / Spirit from Allah (4/171)

Ayat / Sign for the people (19/21)

Rehmat / Mercy from Allah (19/21)

Abdullah / servant of Allah (19/30)

Nabi / prophet (19/30)

Ayat / Sign for the nations (21/91)

3/49: "And (appoint Eesa) a RASOOL / MESSENGER to the Children of Israel, (with this message): "'I have come to you, with a Sign from your Lord, in that I make for you out of clay, as it were, the figure of a bird, and breathe into it, and it becomes a bird by Allah's leave: And I heal those born blind, and the lepers, and I quicken the dead, by Allah's leave; and I declare to you what ye eat, and what ye store in your houses. Surely therein is a Sign for you if ye did believe;

وَرَسُولا إِلَى بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ أَنِّي قَدْ جِئْتُكُمْ بِآيَةٍ مِنْ رَبِّكُمْ أَنِّي أَخْلُقُ لَكُمْ مِنَ الطِّينِ كَهَيْئَةِ الطَّيْرِ فَأَنْفُخُ فِيهِ فَيَكُونُ طَيْرًا بِإِذْنِ اللَّهِ وَأُبْرِئُ الأَكْمَهَ وَالأَبْرَصَ وَأُحْيِي الْمَوْتَى بِإِذْنِ اللَّهِ وَأُنَبِّئُكُمْ بِمَا تَأْكُلُونَ وَمَا تَدَّخِرُونَ فِي بُيُوتِكُمْ إِنَّ فِي ذَلِكَ لآيَةً لَكُمْ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ مُؤْمِنِينَ

4/171: O People of the Book! Commit no excesses in your religion: Nor say of Allah aught but the truth. Al-Maseeh Eesa son of Maryam was (no more than) a RASOOLULLAH / MESSENGER OF ALLAH, and HIS KALIMA / WORD, which He bestowed on Maryam, and a ROOH / SPIRIT FROM HIM: so believe in Allah and His messengers. Say not "Trinity" : desist: it will be better for you: for Allah is one Allah: Glory be to Him: (far exalted is He) above having a son. To Him belong all things in the heavens and on earth. And enough is Allah as a Disposer of affairs.

يَا أَهْلَ الْكِتَابِ لا تَغْلُوا فِي دِينِكُمْ وَلا تَقُولُوا عَلَى اللَّهِ إِلا الْحَقَّ إِنَّمَا الْمَسِيحُ عِيسَى ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ وَكَلِمَتُهُ أَلْقَاهَا إِلَى مَرْيَمَ وَرُوحٌ مِنْهُ فَآمِنُوا بِاللَّهِ وَرُسُلِهِ وَلا تَقُولُوا ثَلاثَةٌ انْتَهُوا خَيْرًا لَكُمْ إِنَّمَا اللَّهُ إِلَهٌ وَاحِدٌ سُبْحَانَهُ أَنْ يَكُونَ لَهُ وَلَدٌ لَهُ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الأَرْضِ وَكَفَى بِاللَّهِ وَكِيلا

19/21: He said: "So (it will be): Thy Lord saith, 'that is easy for Me: and (We wish) to appoint him(Eesa) as a SIGN / AYAT FOR THE PEOPLE and a MERCY FROM US':It is a matter (so) decreed."

قَالَ كَذَلِكِ قَالَ رَبُّكِ هُوَ عَلَيَّ هَيِّنٌ وَلِنَجْعَلَهُ آيَةً لِلنَّاسِ وَرَحْمَةً مِنَّا وَكَانَ أَمْرًا مَقْضِيًّا

19/30: Eesa said, 'I am ABDULLAH / A SERVANT OF GOD. He has given me the Book, and has made me a NABI / PROPHET;

قَالَ إِنِّي عَبْدُ اللَّهِ آتَانِيَ الْكِتَابَ وَجَعَلَنِي نَبِيًّا

21/91: And (remember) her who guarded her chastity: We breathed into her of Our spirit, and We made her and her son a SIGN / AYAT FOR THE NATIONS / WORLDS / AL-AALAMEEN.

وَالَّتِي أَحْصَنَتْ فَرْجَهَا فَنَفَخْنَا فِيهَا مِنْ رُوحِنَا وَجَعَلْنَاهَا وَابْنَهَا آيَةً لِلْعَالَمِينَ

---
Fahad Ali Khan

RELATED: Watch “What Al-Quran says about Eesa Maseeh / Jesus Christ”, a comprehensive lecture by Mohammad Shaikh:


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